A complete guide to SCRUM

Vikrant Shetty

July 28, 2023

2:53 pm

Scrum is a framework for developing processes and products via the collaborative effort of cross-functional teams. Scrum uses light, iterative, and integrated development, much like Kanban, XP, and other agile techniques.

It’s more of a way of thinking and approaching things than a hard and fast method. In other words, Scrum establishes a framework for interpersonal interactions that facilitates group management of large projects. Within Scrum, these connections are defined through artifacts, rituals, and roles.

Overview of Scrum’s Brief Past

Scrum’s origins can be traced back to 1986. The essay “New Product Development Game” was written by two Japanese business professionals, Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka, and published in Harvard Business Review. In no other context has a more rapid and adaptable method of product creation been mentioned before. Nine more years would pass until Jeff Sutherland created the Scrum approach.

Scrum is still developing today. The first completely scalable version of Scrum was defined in 2016. Scrum has evolved to accommodate decentralized teams and many Product Owners. Therefore, more businesses are comfortable basing their team structure on the Scrum framework.

What are the four events in Scrum?

Scrum teams release products iteratively and incrementally, guaranteeing that users always have access to at least one usable version. Each development cycle increment yields a nascent but possibly useful bundle that can be fed back to improve subsequent iterations until the final goal is accomplished. Scrum primarily entails the following four formal activities or phases:

  • Sprint Planning
  • Sprint Review
  • Daily Scrum
  • Sprint Retrospective
  • Scrum Group

There are three roles in a scrum team

Anyone in a scrum team who contributes to the delivery of work is considered a developer, not only those who specialize in software development. According to the 15th Annual State of Agile Report, the percentage of non-software teams using agile frameworks like Scrum increased by 100% between 2020 and 2021, with 27% of those companies using agile for marketing purposes and 10- 16% using it for other purposes.

  • The Product Owner is responsible for setting product direction and managing the product backlog.
  • Scrum Master, Someone who guides a team in using Scrum effectively to create a product.
  • The scrum team collaborates to complete tasks and provide value to customers.

When Is Scrum Best Used?

Scrum works effectively for projects that need to be adaptive and simple but are still well-defined enough to meet the expectations of the stakeholders and the client. Scrum is most suited for projects that may benefit from a constant re-evaluation of team tasks, objectives, and responsibilities, which is why it is often broken down into sprints.

Scrum’s predefined roles provide structure for a project. Still, the framework also allows for the flexible reassignment of tasks when new priorities and deadlines emerge throughout the iteration.

Is there a particular reason why Scrum ceremonies help projects succeed?

It’s safe to say that workers would rather not have more meetings than any other event. On average, employees spend 21% of their time in meetings with superiors and peers. Worse, they estimate that twenty-five percent of that time is squandered. Having meetings that lack organization and concentration is futile because everyone becomes frustrated.

In contrast, Scrum ceremonies are tightly scripted and purposeful. Each Scrum ritual serves a specific function, such as communicating goals, fostering productive teamwork, or achieving measurable outcomes. Scrum ceremonies give the structure for teams to finish their work in a disciplined, ordered manner while continuously refining their methods and sharpening their abilities.

The Values and Functions of Scrum

Courses in project management that focus on Agile frameworks often include discussion of Scrum. Scrum is focused on highly coordinated cooperation and a firm dedication to procedures that enable constant improvement. Scrum is founded on principles that guide its operations at every stage. Team members’ responsibilities while putting the Scrum processes into action embody these ideals.

Scrum’s core beliefs and responsibilities are what make it one of the most well-liked product development project management systems since its debut in the 1990s.


Scrum is a method for managing projects in the agile methodology; it facilitates detailed reporting and helps structure projects for maximum efficiency. While managing projects, all production companies adopt the scrum methodology. It has far-reaching positive effects in every sphere. This manual is centered on elementary business concepts and problems. There is no guarantee of success now. However one thing is undoubted: scrum project management is successful and well-liked.

Vikrant Shetty

July 28, 2023

2:53 pm

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